‘What is the Difference Between Curry Powder and Garam Masala Powder?’
Now, if this question was asked to a person living in India, they would probably smirk at you and think you are some kind of a non-foodie alien!
For one ‘Curry masala’ is not an Indian spice and two you don’t actually need curry powder to make Indian food!!
Did I just raise your eyebrows?
Well, both these statements are true especially when it comes to traditional Indian cooking.
You see both the powders are spice blends made with many different spices. Just like Taco seasoning and Fajita seasoning are two different yet similar spice blends used for two different purposes, it is similar to Curry Powder and Garam Masala Powder.
I will point out the differences between the spices by highlighting the following:
The Origin of Curry Powder and Garam Masala
The Uses of Curry Powder and Garam Masala in cooking
The distinctive flavour profile of Curry Powder and Garam Masala
Recommendation to buy Curry Powder and Garam Masala online
Although different in many ways than one, there are few similarities between the spices too. We will briefly touch upon it as well so that you can make your choice when it comes to choosing one spice for the other.
Where did Curry Powder and Garam Masala Come from?
As mentioned earlier, curry powder and Garam masala powder are both spice blends. Meaning they are made using different types of spices. I will delve upon the ingredient listing later in this post. I just what to touch upon where the two originated from.
Curry powder is the innovation of the Brits. You can read here about the interesting origins of curry powder, so will not go too much in depth. But in short its a spice blend which the British tossed up together to simply Indian cooking, although authenticity part is debatable!
Garam Masala Powder, on the other hand, is an authentic and traditional spice blend used by every Indian either living in the subcontinent or outside! You will ever come across an Indian household (provided that they cook Indian regularly) without a Garam Masala Powder in their spice cabinet. (unless they run out of it)
What Spices Make Garam Masala and Curry Powder
Since both the spices are spice blends its obvious that it will be made with different spices.
However, like most Indian or any world spice blends, it’s difficult to specify the exact recipe. This is because there is no set recipe for Garam Masala powder or Curry powder. It is very rare to come across recipes that are exactly the same for making Garam Masala or Curry Powder at home or for that matter even commercially bought pre-mixed spice blend.
This infographic below will help in characterising and simplifying the most common spices used for making Garam Masala and Curry powder.
How Does Garam Masala and Curry Powder Taste?
If you read my post on Garam Masala you will know that it is derived from the Hindi word meaning ‘Hot Spice’.
Referring to the table above, you will notice that Garam Masala use spices that are sharp, strong that is cardamon, cinnamon, cloves and in some other recipes even nutmeg and peppercorn.
All these spices together give Garam Masala powder a very strong flavour with a slightly warming, sweet, pungent taste.
Curry powder, on the other hand, is made of more spices, where one of the main ingredients is Turmeric powder.
Turmeric powder in itself does not have much taste or flavour although very high in nutritional value.
Its a relatively mild spice. The reason its used to make curry powder is to give a yellow tint to the dish without the need to add any additional spices.
The other spices used in larger quantity when compared to Garam Masala are fenugreek powder, cumin powder, coriander powder which are all sweet mild spices. This makes curry powder milder to taste and less heightened flavour.
The Uses of Curry Powder and Garam Masala in cooking
Now that we have a better idea of what kind of flavour each of the spices have, it will make us better understand its use for cooking.
Garam Masala can be used both during the cooking process or at the end to give the dish a finishing touch. Adding and stirring Garam Masala at the end of cooking retains and heightens the flavours of the dish.
The key to using Garam Masala is that it should be sparingly used. Too much of it may be an overkill of flavours!
Since Curry powder is used as an Indian curry spice blend, its used during the cooking process and added while you make the base sauce.
It’s also important to cook out the raw flavours of the pre-blended curry mix to avoid an unpleasant taste.
What are the Similarities Between Curry Powder and Garam Masala Powder
If the two spices are so different, then why is it that so many people get confused about them?
The reason well could be that both these spices have become synonymous to Indian food. Its treated almost like Chinese 5 spice when you cook Chinese at home or like Cajun spice if its Spanish or Cajun-style cooking.
The classification of Curry powder and Garam Masala powder as an Indian spice blend confuses many which makes them use it for the wrong purpose.
The striking similarity between the two is that they are both spice blends and use almost the same spices, however, the quantity of mild spices such as turmeric, cumin and coriander is more in one than the other.
Apart from this, there is no other relatable similarity.
Can You Use Garam Powder Instead of Curry powder or Vice Versa?
Now that you are aware of the differences and similarities between the two, the question if you can use one or the other is pretty much valid.
Referring to the table of ingredients above you will notice that both contain more or less that same spices.
The difference in the recipe is the quantity of each spice used. Garam Masala powder uses the stronger pungent spices like cloves, cinnamon, cardamom more compared to curry powder, which uses mild spices like turmeric, cumin, coriander, fenugreek.
This instantly gives both these spices different flavour profiles.
Because the flavour profile and taste of the two are different, in an ideal world it should not be used as a substitute.
But many do due to lack of a suitable alternative or they simply may be unaware of the subtle yet big difference between the two.
You may have come across recipes where they use both Curry powder and Garam Masala powder?
This is because the spices can be used together in a dish complimenting or highlighting the flavour. The point to remember when using these two together is that you need to use both in moderation.
The closest substitute for curry powder will be a mix of turmeric, coriander powder and cumin powder while for Garam masala powder it will be cardamon, cloves and cinnamon.
So, my advise to you would be NOT to use them as substitutes, but if you are stuck for better options then there is no reason why you should not.
Where to Buy Spices From?
Both these spices are readily available in most large supermarkets these days. Although you may find Curry powder to be the more popular of the two when it comes to shelf stocking.
Your Local Indian store or ethnic store will surely have these.
Other than the traditional stores you can also order them online. Here is a list of few online store options for you:
US Online Stores
Badia is an American manufacturer of spices and herbs that started back in 1967. The so… [More]
Price: $3.00 Buy Now
The Spice Hunter carefully sources all the herbs and spices from the most ideal growing… [More]
Price: $5.45 Buy Now
Price: $9.99 Buy Now
Switzerland & Europe Online Store
Price: Euro 3.40 Buy now
Price: Euro 3.40 Buy now
When it comes to buying and using Curry powder and Garam Masala powder it’s important to remember that both have different flavour and taste.
One should be used during the cooking process while Garam Masala powder can be used both as a flavour enhancer at the end of cooking or during cooking.
They should not be confused as go to spice blend for making all Indian dishes. They are used to make certain dishes either adding just one of the blends to the dish or both in moderation.
Over to you
If you have been also wondering what the difference is in between Curry powder and Garam Masala Powder, I do hope the above have clarified the confusion.
Let me know if there are any other spices you get mixed up on. Will write something up for sure!